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The Pantheon in Rome is the most complete ancient building (125 AD) in Rome and one of the city's most spectacular sights.
This page covers the practical information you need to know, such as details of how to get to the Pantheon, opening hours and walks as well as professional tours.
The Pantheon is in the heart of the Ancient City of Rome, fed by a few narrow lanes. The Piazza della Rotonda is a lively square filled with cafes, bars, and restaurants in front of the Pantheon; often live bands perform here.
The Pantheon is widely praised for its feats of architecture and concept of space. At 43m (142 ft) wide and 43m (142 ft) high, it is a perfect sphere resting in a cylinder. For the layman wandering into the Pantheon, (free entry, no queues) the first instinct is to look upwards at the Dome.
The oculus, the only source of natural light in the Pantheon, is a round opening in the centre of the dome. It is 27 feet in diameter and open to the sky (the floor is gently sloped to allow for runoff of rainwater).
Once you start to look around you, you are taken in by the opulence. Monumental tombs are set into the walls of Pantheon, including that of the artist Raphael (on the left side as you enter).
There are requests and signs for silence at all times while you are in this religious place. You are allowed to take photos.
Until the 20th century, the Pantheon was the largest concrete structure in the world. Michelangelo studied its great dome before starting work on the dome of St. Peter's Basilica. Dating from 125 AD, this is the most complete ancient building in Rome and one of the city's most spectacular sights.
Before the Pantheon we see today there were two previous buildings on the site – both unfortunately succumbed to fire. The original building was erected between 25-27 BC, the time of Augustus, first Roman Emperor.
However in 80 AD, there was a huge fire. It is thought that the façade may be the only thing left from the Augustan Pantheon. The Pantheon was rebuilt by the Emperor Domitian but it was then burnt again in 110 AD, when hit by the lightning. The third Pantheon (and current) is believed to have been built during Hadrian’s time between 118-125 AD.
The Pantheon is the burial place of several important Italians (including the artist Raphael), and it remains an active church (since 609). It is a major tourist destination and a popular place for weddings.
Monday-Saturday: 9am- 7.15pm
Sunday: 9am – 5.45pm
Public holidays: 9am – 12.45pm
The Pantheon is closed on some national holidays and if a mass is taking place.
There is a wide variance in how long people will typically take to visit the Pantheon. The average tourist, probably no more than 20 minutes, some will literally be in and out in five minutes while at the other extreme others may spend an hour. If you are short on time as most visitors are to Rome, it's an ideal place to visit in the evening perhaps before finding a nice restaurant close by.
There is no admission charge and no security screening or queues.
The Pantheon is not big and it might not take you very long to look around, however to get the most out of your experience it might be worth considering hiring an audio guide. There is a desk inside where you can hire them for a few Euros.
You can also download many different mobile apps for free. The app supports Italian, English, French, German, Spanish, Russian, Portuguese and Chinese.
You can also purchase from inside a guide book for around €6 and other souvenirs.
The narrow streets of Ancient Rome where you find the Pantheon are far too narrow for buses. All the popular hop-on, hop-off sightseeing buses have a stop a few minutes walk away also providing access to the Piazza Navona.
There is no Metro station nearby. By bus, the Piazza Argentina is on the route of many buses including the very frequent 40, 60 and 64 buses that shuttle between the Vatican, the centre of the city and then on up to wards Termini Station.
Walking is the best (only) way of getting around really. Most visitors will amble to wards the Trevi Fountain or Piazza Navona, (both signposted). A classic Rome walk is to start at the Spanish Steps and end at Piazza Navona visiting the Trevi Fountain and Pantheon on the way.
On these 2.5 or 3 hour walking tours your guide will journey you through the essential places in historic centre of Rome, including the Trevi Fountain, Rome Pantheon, and the Piazza Navona.
You can then choose whether to add on the Colosseum and Roman Forum.
Your guide will inspire you with entertaining stories to give you a deeper knowledge of the ancient Rome you came here to learn about.
• Visit Pantheon, Piazza Navona and Trevi Fountain • 2.5 hour walking tour • Led by local guide • A hot drink (coffee or hot chocolate) in winter • Optional upgrade to combine with Colosseum tour
• Fast track entry Colosseum/ Roman Forum + Palatine Hill • Also visit Trevi, Piazza Navona and Pantheon • Headsets to hear guide • Led by local guide
|Vatican Museums tours & fast track tickets|
|Vatican Museums fast track tickets||From €20.50|
|Vatican Museums fast track tickets + audio guide||From €39.90|
|Vatican Museums fast track tickets + early entrance||From €56|
|Vatican Museums fast track access with coach transfers||From €60|
|Vatican Museums private tours with fast track access||Prices vary on numbers|
|St Peter's Basilica tours & fast track tickets|
|St Peter's Basilica fastrack with audio guide||From €19.50|
|St Peter's Basilica guided tour||From €27|
|St Peter's Basilica guided tour with access to cupola (Dome)||From €49|
|St Peter's & Vatican Museums combined tours|
|Vatican Museums + St Peter's (With Fast Track Access) Tour 1||From €57|
|Vatican Museums + St Peter's (With Fast Track Access) Tour 2||From €61|
|Early Access Vatican Museums Small-Group Tour with St Peter’s||From €92.50|
|Vatican Museums, Vatican Gardens & St Peter’s guided tour with breakfast||From €139|
|Vatican gardens tours|
|Vatican gardens walking tour||From €38|
|Vatican Gardens bus tour||From €85|
|Colosseum, Roman Forum & Palatine Hill|
|Colosseum & Roman Forum fast track tickets||From €20.50|
|Colosseum & Roman Forum special access Belvedere, Arena & Undergound||From €105|
|Colosseum & Roman Forum walking tour||From €45|
|Walking tours (Colosseum, Roman Forum, Pantheon, Trevi...)|
|Colosseum, Roman Forum, Pantheon,Trevi||From €35.90|
|Spanish Steps, Pantheon, Trevi, Navona||From €39|
|Villa Borghese Gallery|
|Villa Borghese fast track tickets||From €24|
|Villa Borghese fast track tickets+ guided tour||From €79|
|Villa Borghese & gardens||From €69|
|Other popular City of Rome tours|
|Best of Rome by bike||From €49|
|Roman Gladiator lesson||From €88|
|Night tours of Rome||From €54|
|Private tours of Rome|
|Flexible customised private tours of Rome by car|
|Private sightseeing tour of Rome by golf cart|